When visiting London you would definitely have come across the means of transportation which covers most of the destinations within London and the surrounding area. This transport network is of course the Underground Tube Train system that will get you almost anywhere in London at a fast speed. Taking the underground train is usually the fastest way to reach from one place in the city to another. But if you are a tourist you may prefer to take a Bus or even walk so that you can see the sights as you pass through the city. However when there is the need to cover longer distances, the use of the Underground generally proves to be the most efficient way to travel. The shape of the tunnels has lead to the nickname of underground train network of "The Tube".
One interesting fact is that the London Underground railway system was created in 1863 when people weren't very familiar with this type of below ground railway. And in 1890 the system was upgraded to become electronically operated, which was another big innovation for those times. At the beginning it was hard to change inbetween the different train lines, due to the different competing companies that owned the early lines that made up the London Underground railway system. But when the London Passenger Transport Board decided to combine all the different railway lines into a single network system in 1933, it became a lot easier to make use of this means of public transportation.
In 1985 it was decided by the government for the entire Underground network to be included into a single operational system that was to be run by London Underground Limited, which became in 2003 a subsidiary to Transport for London ownership. This company is run by a board and a commissioner that are elected by the Mayor of London.
Nowadays the tube network is comprised of over 260 different stations with track measuring more than 250 miles in total length. It is known as the longest metro transportation system in the world and also the one with the most stations. It has been also calculated that more than 1 billion journeys have been taken through this mean of transportation placing London as the second busiest tube network in Europe following Paris' Metropolitan.
You will be interested to learn that 'tube map' of the London Underground was designed in such a manner that many other metro maps worldwide have been influenced by it. So even though the network is so large, the simple design of the 'tube map' makes changing lines and travelling on the tube a simple task.
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